A great tree on earth. From root to coconut every bit of coconut tree can be utilized. As food, drinks, medicine, wooden pieces for building houses and furniture, coir and the usage goes on without end. That is why coconut tree is important to every Indian. According to farm land and production of coconut, India is in third place of all coconut producing countries. There are about 1914 hectors of land is used in India to produce coconut. Out of this 15840 millions of coconuts are being produced. This is comparatively less, because farmers are not giving enough care to coconut trees. That will create shortage of coconut oil.
Coconut trees can grow in different types of soil, zone and climate conditions. It is important to choose coconut seed and saplings for planting, because the quality and character of a coconut tree can be realized only after few years of planting.
Selection of farm land
The following conditions are not suitable for a successful coconut tree plantation and must avoid.
1. Rocky soil and soil with no depth
2. Low and waterlogged places
3. Grounds with clay
Waterlogged soil can be reused after mixing sand with the soil. Availability of regular rain or proper irrigation facility will help to get enough water for coconut trees.
Planting of coconut palms depends on types of soil and atmospheric conditions. If the ground is uneven and filled with bushes, then cut the bushes and level the ground. The required depth of pits depended on the type soil. If the soil is hard with rock underneath, then the size of pit could be 1.2m X 1.2m X 1.2m width, length and depth respectively. Before planting seedling, add a mixture of dried and powdered cow dung, ash and loose soil into the pit. Fill it about 60cm. If the soil is wet, sticky and soft then, make the pits with following size. 1m X 1m X 1m and add the same mixture to the pit and it is recommended that fill upto 50cm. Before filling the pit with soil, arrange the bottom of the pit to maintain moisture.
In coconut plantation all the trees must be kept in a good distance. You can keep a distance of 7.5 meter between each trees. According to this method you can have upto 124 to 177 coconut trees per hector in rectangular shape. Planting trees in triangular shape will add 20 to 25 trees more in a hector.Tags: coconut